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Acne / Pimples

Distressed by acne? Don't be worried anymore

Simple / Mild Acne

Acne is the bacterial infection that occurs inside the pores when sebum gets trapped, which in turn causes whiteheads, blackheads and pimples. Acne is the common problem most of the people face these days. It is usually treatable but needs several months of treatment to clear the  spots. Inflamed acne needs to be treated early to prevent scarring. Once the spots are gone, you may need maintenance treatment for several years to keep the spots away.

Small sebaceous glands lie just under the skin surface. These glands make the oil (sebum) that keeps the skin supple and smooth. Tiny holes (pores) on the skin allow the sebum to come on to the skin surface. Hairs also grow through these pores. During the teenage years, you make much more sebum than when you were a child. This is due to the hormonal changes of puberty which stimulate the sebaceous glands.

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Moderate / Pustular

Some sebum may collect under blocked pores. You can see them as small spots called pimples or papules. Trapped sebum is ideal for a germ (bacterium) called Propionibacterium acnes to live and multiply. Small numbers of this bacterium normally live on the skin and do no harm. However, if a large number develop in the trapped sebum, the immune system may react and cause inflammation. If inflammation develops, it causes the surrounding skin to become red and the spots become larger and filled with pus (pustules).

Severe/ Cystic

In some cases, the pustules become even larger and form into small nodules and cysts.

Each inflamed spot will heal eventually. In some cases, the area of skin that was inflamed remains discoloured for several months after the inflammation has gone (post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation). This is often more noticeable in darker-skinned people. Also, a small pitted scar is commonly left on the skin where there was an inflamed spot. These small scars often do not fade fully and creates a mark reflecting that they once had inflamed acne spots.

Back/Body/Chest Acne

It becomes all the more important for you to get rid of those ugly, painful boils as soon as possible. In fact, an estimated 80% of people between ages 11 and 30 will suffer some type of acne breakout. While breakouts on the face are often a major concern, those that appear on the back and chest can be equally frustrating when it comes time to bare skin in the warmer months. The good news is that controlling acne is within reach, once you know how it's formed and how to treat your skin for optimal health. Body acne can cause people to feel self-conscious and uncomfortable in their own skin. It is hard to totally prevent any kind of acne as the factors which control it, such as hormones and genetics, are not within your control.

 

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